# Weighted Average Cost Of Capital - WACC

- Weighted Average Cost Of Capital - WACC
- A calculation of a firm's cost of capital in which each category of capital is proportionately weighted. All capital sources - common stock, preferred stock, bonds and any other long-term debt - are included in a WACC calculation. All else equal, the WACC of a firm increases as the beta and rate of return on equity increases, as an increase in WACC notes a decrease in valuation and a higher risk.

The WACC equation is the cost of each capital component multiplied by its proportional weight and then summing:

Where:

Re = cost of equity

Rd = cost of debt

E = market value of the firm's equity

D = market value of the firm's debt

V = E + D

E/V = percentage of financing that is equity

D/V = percentage of financing that is debt

Tc = corporate tax rate

Businesses often discount cash flows at WACC to determine the Net Present Value (NPV) of a project, using the formula:

**NPV = Present Value (PV) of the Cash Flows discounted at WACC.**
Broadly speaking, a company’s assets are financed by either debt or equity. WACC is the average of the costs of these sources of financing, each of which is weighted by its respective use in the given situation. By taking a weighted average, we can see how much interest the company has to pay for every dollar it finances.

A firm's WACC is the overall required return on the firm as a whole and, as such, it is often used internally by company directors to determine the economic feasibility of expansionary opportunities and mergers. It is the appropriate discount rate to use for cash flows with risk that is similar to that of the overall firm.

*Investment dictionary.
Academic.
2012.*

### Look at other dictionaries:

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**Weighted average cost of capital** — The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the rate that a company is expected to pay to finance its assets. WACC is the minimum return that a company must earn on existing asset base to satisfy its creditors, owners, and other providers of… … Wikipedia

**weighted average cost of capital** — WACC A method for calculating the average cost of a company s different sources of finance. The WACC is calculated on the assumption that the company will maintain the same debt–equity ratio. Managers should only use the WACC as an appropriate… … Accounting dictionary

**weighted average cost of capital** — WACC A method for calculating the average cost of a company s different sources of finance. The WACC is calculated on the assumption that the company will maintain the same debt equity ratio Managers should only use the WACC as an appropriate… … Big dictionary of business and management

**Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)** — ⇡ Cashflow Return on Investment, ⇡ Unternehmungsbewertung, ⇡ wertorientierte Unternehmensführung … Lexikon der Economics

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**weighted-average cost of capital** — noun A calculation of the overall cost of capital used by an enterprise, made by totalling the cost of each source of capital used multiplied by its proportional share of the total capital used. Abbreviation: WACC. <! For each of n sources of… … Wiktionary

**weighted average cost of capital** — WACC A corporation’s *costs of capi tal derived from and *weighted in proportion to the capital structure of its *equity and *debt finance … Auditor's dictionary

**Weighted average cost of capital** — Expected return on a portfolio of all the firm s securities. Used as a hurdle rate for capital investment. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * ► See WACC … Financial and business terms